Dialogues for Peace in Venezuela Resume in Mexico City. The President of Venezuela highlighted the resumption of dialogue between the Maduro regime and the opposition. The parties signed this Saturday the second partial agreement in Mexico for the protection of the Venezuelan people.
On November 26th, the Unitary Platform and the Maduro regime announced the resumption of talks in Mexico City; a humanitarian agreement focused on education, health, food security, flood response, and electricity programs that will benefit the Venezuelan people. An important pending agreement is the continuation of talks focused on the 2024 elections.
The delegations met in the Sofitel Hotel in the Mexican capital. The representatives of each side signed the document, which was previously read by the mediator representative of Norway, Dag Nylander, in the presence of the Mexican Minister of Foreign Affairs Marcelo Ebrard, host country of the meeting.
The Mexican foreign minister described the event as filled with “hope for all of Latin America.” In messages disseminated through his social networks, Nicolas Maduro assured that “the signing of the second partial agreement … opens the way for a new chapter in Venezuela.”
La firma del segundo acuerdo parcial entre el Gobierno Bolivariano que presido y la Plataforma Unitaria de una de las oposiciones, abre paso a un nuevo capítulo para Venezuela, en función de seguir avanzando hacia la Paz y el bienestar que todas y todos los venezolanos anhelamos. pic.twitter.com/PcVeXKlDbM
— Nicolás Maduro (@NicolasMaduro) November 26, 2022
Sending his greetings to the Mesa de Dialogo de Paz, Maduro celebrated this opportunity to reconcile the parties toward a united Venezuela. “The effort will always be to dialogue with the entire Venezuelan society and today, November 26, we continue to take important steps for the well-being of our country,” Maduro proclaimed. “The times of hate are behind us…Venezuela today has attained a Peace that was fought for, and worked for, toward the enjoyment and healthy recreation of all,” he published on Twitter.
Saludo a la Mesa de Diálogo de Paz entre el Gobierno Legítimo de Venezuela y la Plataforma Unitaria de una de las oposiciones. El empeño siempre será dialogar con toda la sociedad venezolana y hoy #26Nov, seguimos dando pasos importantes por el bienestar de nuestro país. pic.twitter.com/gnSf3IBlU9
— Nicolás Maduro (@NicolasMaduro) November 26, 2022
As the meeting opened, Ebrard stated Mexico’s position:
“This is good news for all of Latin America and for dialogue and mediation. It is the triumph of politics and the solution of controversies.”
“For several years, president Lopez Obrador has encouraged the pursuit of mediation, understanding and communication. That is Mexico’s role and we welcome you with open arms,” emphasized Ebrard.
In the presence of the Secretary of Foreign Relations of the host country, Marcelo Ebrard, the parties signed the second partial agreement for the protection of the Venezuelan people.
Se reanudó el diálogo sobre Venezuela y se firmó Segundo Acuerdo entre gobierno y oposiciones de ese país hermano. Es un triunfo de la política y mérito a reconocer de los participantes. México es su casa. Felicitaciones !! Buenas noticias para el pueblo venezolano. pic.twitter.com/lstOJHLhLB
— Marcelo Ebrard C. (@m_ebrard) November 26, 2022
“On this day, the dialogue process between the parties, suspended more than a year ago, was resumed in Mexico, with the mediation of Norway,” published Telesur.
Norway’s chief negotiator, Dag Nylander, expressed his gratitude to the Government of Mexico and its Foreign Minister Ebrard for hosting the different participants in the dialogue and negotiation process.
“The agreement creates a practical mechanism to address vital social needs of the population of that nation. To do this, it aims to recover legitimate resources, property of the Venezuelan State, which are illegally blocked by the unilateral restrictive measures imposed by the US and other nations on the South American country,” published Telesur.
The aim of the meeting was to reconcile visions for Venezuela and open the way for a lessening and ultimate removal of all sanctions, thus, recovering withheld funds to be applied in Venezuelan causes, including: Strengthening the energy sector, education and attention to natural emergencies, according to a government statement.
Celebrating the restarting of dialogue, president of Argentina, Alberto Fernandez, tweeted: “For Argentina, the most important thing has always been dialogue over sanctions and isolation.” At the recent Paris Peace Forum, world leaders, Fernadez, Petro and Macron met with Venezuelan representatives to offer support for a Venezuelan path of peace.
Para la Argentina siempre fue importante que prevalezca el diálogo por sobre el aislamiento y las sanciones.
Por eso desde el Foro de la Paz de París recientemente expresamos nuestro pleno apoyo a la reanudación del proceso de negociación entre venezolanos.
— Alberto Fernández (@alferdez) November 24, 2022
With this agreement, delegates from the Government of Maduro and the opposition agreed to “make all efforts before the authorities and institutions, national and foreign, public or private, to obtain the legitimate funds of the Venezuelan Republic that are frozen in the financial international sector,” and use them to advance social projects, stated Telam.
Este 25 y 26 de Noviembre se reinician los dialogos entre el gobierno de Maduro y la oposición venezolana.
— Gustavo Petro (@petrogustavo) November 23, 2022
Single Trust Fund
Leaders request support from the UN, “including the design, establishment and implementation of a single trust fund” to which these resources would progressively be applied, according to the agreement document, which added to the one signed in Mexico in September 2021.
“We have identified a set of resources belonging to the Venezuelan State, frozen in the international financial system. These resources (if released) will be progressively incorporated as contributions to the fund,” the text adds.
The money released will be used for investments in the health and education system, the recovery of basic services such as electricity, and attention to the crisis caused by rains that caused floods and landslides.
Although the document does not specify the amount of funds to be released, Telam reports that the head of the official delegation said that the agreement would recover 3,000 million dollars.
“There are more than 20,000 million dollars withheld,” said Rodríguez, adding, “Through this agreement we are recovering more than 3,000 million.”
Discussion of central issues such as the upcoming 2024 presidential elections is still pending, for which the opposition demands to set a date and conditions.
Following this announcement and consistent with U.S. government policy, “the Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) issued Venezuela General License (GL) 41, authorizing Chevron Corporation to resume limited natural resource extraction operations in Venezuela. This action reflects longstanding U.S. policy to provide targeted sanctions relief based on concrete steps that alleviate the suffering of the Venezuelan people and support the restoration of democracy,” published the U.S. Department of Treasury in a press release.
This authorization prevents Petroleos de Venezuela, S.A. (PdVSA) from receiving profits from the oil sales by Chevron. GL 41 authorizes activity related to Chevron’s joint ventures in Venezuela only, and does not authorize other activity with PdVSA. Other Venezuela-related sanctions and restrictions imposed by the United States remain in place; “the United States will vigorously enforce these sanctions and will continue to hold accountable any actor that engages in corruption, violates U.S. laws, or abuses human rights in Venezuela.”
The U.S. Department of Treasury celebrated the resumed talks, describing the event as “an important step in the right direction to restore democracy in the country. The United States extended its support of peaceful talks toward free elections. “The United States welcomes and supports the reopening of negotiations between the Unitary Platform and the Maduro regime, as part of our longstanding policy to support the peaceful restoration of democracy, free and fair elections, and respect for the rights and freedoms of Venezuelans.”
Dr. Soledad Quartucci is the founder and CEO of Latina Republic, a 501(C)3 California-based nonprofit organization. Latina Republic is committed to improving the diversity and professional development of storytellers in the media industry as representation matters and affects the stories we tell. Latina Republic makes space for and empowers unheard voices and trains the next generation of leaders in the U.S.