Inflation Latin America & Caribbean Presidential Statement

Alianza de Países de América Latina y el Caribe contra la Inflación

Alianza de Países de América Latina y el Caribe contra la Inflación

Alliance of Latin American and Caribbean Countries against Inflation

Presidential Statement

We, the Heads of State and/or Head of Government of the Republic of Argentina, Belize, the Plurinational State of Bolivia, the Federative Republic of Brazil, the Republic of Chile, the Republic of Colombia, the Republic of Cuba, the Republic of Honduras, the United Mexican States, the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines – in its capacity as Pro Tempore President of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (Celac) – met on April 5, 2023, at the initiative of Mexico, to find joint solutions to the price pressures and high prices present in the region, as well as to strengthen regional integration and trade.

Considering that the global supply of food and basic food basket products, including grains and energy, is being negatively affected as a result of an adverse international context marked by: extra-regional military conflicts; a slow recovery of operations in the production and distribution chains of goods, products and services after the COVID-19 pandemic; a large external debt that especially affects low- and middle-income countries, and the negative impact of climatic phenomena on harvests and agricultural activities, sanitary and phytosanitary emergencies in the region, and the application of unilateral coercive measures contrary to international law that affect some countries.

Emphasizing the need for a fairer, more democratic, inclusive and supportive international financial system that allows the countries of our region to access the necessary financial resources and improve the conditions of external indebtedness in order to promote economic recovery to ensure the food and nutritional security of our peoples, particularly the most vulnerable sectors.

Determined to unite regional wills and efforts to guarantee economic growth and development that promotes inclusion, equity and sustainability of food and nutritional security for our peoples and to urgently and jointly confront inflationary pressures on the basic food basket, intermediate goods and services that negatively affect the popular economy.

Committed to strengthen our economies and production sectors through inclusion, solidarity and international cooperation, in order to find alternatives to improve physical and economic access to products, basic food, intermediate goods, services, taking into account fiscal responsibility, national and local realities in each state, as well as the complementarity that exists among our countries.

Aware of the agreements in effect that each country maintains, of the commitments derived from memberships in organizations and mechanisms of trade cooperation and economic integration and of the negotiations underway at the bilateral, regional or multilateral level, as well as the particular situation of the countries.

Recognizing a need to reach agreements that provide a long-term horizon of predictability within production sectors in order to stimulate sustainable food production and generate concrete benefits for our peoples.

Reaffirming the sovereign power of the countries of this Summit to implement economic, agricultural and food security policies and to promote effective actions to eradicate poverty and promote the human right to adequate food with a focus on gender and respecting the diversity of eating habits, in particular the food needs of the poorest and most vulnerable populations.

 

 

WE AGREE:

1. To advance in the definition of trade facilities, as well as logistical, financial and other measures, taking into consideration the reality of each country, that will allow the exchange of basic food basket products and intermediate goods to take place under better conditions, with the priority of lowering the costs of such products for the poorest and most vulnerable population.

2. To create a Technical Working Group made up of government representatives from each country to determine the regional cooperation measures mentioned in the previous numeral, for the basic products and inputs, particularly chemical and organic fertilizers, identified by the countries that participate in this Summit in line with the respective multilateral, regional, sub-regional and bilateral agreements that bind each country.

3. The Technical Working Group will have the authority to establish a plan of action that will allow to implement, in a reasonable term, the adoption of trade facilitation measures to address the high prices of basic consumption products and inputs to contribute to food and nutritional security, including technology transfer and cooperation in capacity building, as well as to generate a virtuous circle of prosperity, economic growth and sustainable development for Latin America and the Caribbean.

4. The Technical Working Group will carry out a feasibility analysis and actions that will result in a more agile and effective access to products and food for basic consumption and inputs through the advancement of better logistical conditions; and when possible, prioritizing the development of a framework for the removal of obstacles and harmonization of sanitary and phytosanitary regulations and certifications in accordance with the requirements established by each country for protection in these areas and based on scientific evidence, in accordance with international reference standards.

5. Within the logistical and financial facilities referred to in the first numeral, the aforementioned Group shall recommend the adoption of measures to improve the efficiency of the entry and exit of products through ports and borders, and the exchange of intermediate inputs, machinery and technology for the benefit of agricultural productivity.

6. Promote measures to facilitate access to international credit and increase multilateral financing for agricultural, agro-industrial, and infrastructure projects for the transportation of goods.

7. Coordinate efforts with producers, buyers, transporters and logistics operators from the private sector and other economic actors to follow up on the agreements of this Summit and its results.

Within this framework, we welcome the upcoming meeting between business sectors, including organizations of family and community agriculture, and high- level authorities of the countries participating in this Summit, to be held on May 6 and 7 in Cancun, Mexico

1. To continue the work within the framework of the commitment established during the VII Summit of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (Celac), held on January 24, 2023, in Buenos Aires, Republic of Argentina, based on the Special Declaration on Food Systems and Traditional and Sustainable Knowledge and Practices, as well as within the framework of the Celac SAN 2025 plan for food and nutritional security and hunger eradication.

2. To extend an invitation to the other countries of the region to join this initiative, in order to contribute to the integral well-being of Latin America and the Caribbean.

April 5, 2023

Published by the Gobierno de la Republica de Mexico 

 


Dr. Soledad Quartucci | Founder

Latina Republic is a reporting, research, and advocacy nonprofit organization advancing human rights in the Americas. Latina Republic fills the void in coverage of urgent social, political, environmental, economic and gender inequities affecting the Americas. Latina Republic’s mission is to inspire humane policies that fortify relations between the U.S. and Latin America. Our work is guided by peaceful international relations focused on solidarity. We believe asylum and seeking refuge is a human right. Our work envisions a world where neighboring countries are seen as partners, and immigrants and refugees don’t have to live in the shadows. Our goal is to advance peaceful dialogue by highlighting local perspectives that don’t make it into the mainstream news. Our vision is that this knowledge will assist all stakeholders in solving regional problems while strengthening ties.