Mexico Water Projects

Advancing Water Projects in Mexico: Safeguarding the Human Right to Water

Advancing Water Projects in Mexico: Safeguarding the Human Right to Water 

4T Water Projects Demonstrate Efficiency of Public Servants and Responsible Budget Management, states the Mexican president. 

President Andrés Manuel López Obrador announced that the consolidation of water projects, driven by the Fourth Transformation Government for the benefit of the population in the north, center, and south of the country, demonstrates that public servants can fulfill their responsibilities and efficiently manage the budget.

The President reiterated that the projects will be completed and delivered to the people before the end of the six-year term, thanks to the coordinated efforts of the National Water Commission (CONAGUA) and the Ministry of National Defense (SEDENA).

 

 

“This is not a loan; this is the budget. We are talking about nearly 100 billion pesos, and we didn’t start this yesterday. We are finishing, but these works started at the beginning of the government, and we have been responsibly fulfilling our role as public servants,” emphasized the president.

 

 

During a morning press conference, he acknowledged the officials who make these and other priority projects possible.

 

 

“I want to thank the entire team that has been helping in the construction of these important works. These are not just positions; they are assignments. It is a working style in the government where committed, capable, responsible, honest public servants take charge of a project from start to finish,” he pointed out.

 

 

The head of the Executive highlighted that the Fourth Transformation Government will conclude in September with over 100,000 hectares of irrigation that will increase productivity in the fields of Sinaloa, Sonora, and Nayarit, contributing to the goal of achieving food self-sufficiency.

 

 

“These are very important projects; I would say that for many years, the project of installing irrigation systems for agriculture had not been carried out. In the six previous six-year terms, 36 years, it meant incorporating 22,000 hectares into irrigation, and we, —this is a source of pride, but it is not widely known— will have incorporated 100,000 hectares into the irrigation system in five years,” he explained

 

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The director of the National Water Commission, Germán Martínez Santoyo, mentioned that the construction of priority water projects guarantees the human right to water and protects the population from hydrometeorological phenomena.

The projects have a total investment of 96.034 billion pesos from the public budget, benefiting 22.2 million inhabitants, of whom 9.6 million have access to drinking water, and 55,566 are agricultural users. Additionally, 151,078 hectares will be incorporated into irrigation areas.

The head of CONAGUA reported on the completed and ongoing projects led by the federal government:

Justice Plan for the Yaqui People: Irrigation District 018 and Yaqui Aqueduct in Sonora

In response to the territorial dispossession and historical grievances against the Yaqui ethnicity, the Mexican government instructed the construction of Irrigation District 018.

It was delivered last December to the authorities of the eight Yaqui towns: Loma de Guamúchil, Loma de Bácum, Tórim, Vícam, Pótam, Ráhum, Huírivis, and Belem. It adds 61,223 potential irrigable hectares.

It includes an expansion of 34,660 hectares with new infrastructure, not seen since the government of President Lázaro Cárdenas.

The construction recovers and rehabilitates 23,223 hectares, modernizes 23.8 kilometers of the existing main canal, and builds 52.83 kilometers of the new main canal.

Physical progress: 55 percent
Investment 2022-2024: MXN 9,915.9 million
Beneficiaries: 42,200 inhabitants
Estimated completion date: July 2024

The Yaqui Aqueduct will provide 200 liters per second of drinking water to 50 communities. It consists of 241 kilometers: 166 kilometers of the main line, 75 kilometers of branches, a water treatment plant, and a intake structure at the Oviáchic dam with a pumping station.

Physical progress: 82 percent
Total investment 2022-2024: MXN 2,094.2 million
Beneficiaries: 34,000 inhabitants
Estimated completion date: Late February 2024

Santa María Dam in Sinaloa

In collaboration with the government of Sinaloa, the construction of the Santa María Dam was successfully completed, delivering it to the population last December. It captures water after a total investment of MXN 9,659 million.

With Picachos and Santa María, there are now 12 dams in the state, supporting agricultural development in southern Sinaloa and efficiently utilizing the water from the Presidio-Baluarte system.

The main objectives include storage at the Maximum Ordinary Water Level (NAMO) of 811.96 million cubic meters to supply agricultural irrigation to the municipalities of Rosario and Escuinapa, control floods, and generate 192 gigawatt-hours annually.

The irrigation area of the Santa María Dam includes 475 kilometers of distribution network, the rehabilitation of 9.86 kilometers, and the construction of 71.44 kilometers of the main canal. It will have up to 24,250 potential hectares for irrigation.

Physical progress: 66 percent
Total investment 2022-2024: MXN 10,023.3 million
Beneficiaries: 2,551 agricultural producers
Estimated completion date: July 2024

Picachos Dam Irrigation Area in Sinaloa

The region regains its agricultural vocation in the southern part of the state by using water from the dam. The length of the main canal is 61.8 kilometers. It will have the potential for 22,550 hectares for irrigation.

Physical progress: 92.66 percent
Investment 2021-2024: MXN 4,950 million
Beneficiaries: 3,172 producers
Estimated completion date: July 2024

Concordia Aqueduct in Sinaloa

The purpose of this project is to supply quality drinking water in bulk to 12 communities and the municipal seat of Concordia. Its components include the main line of 32.98 kilometers, branches to the localities for 48.4 kilometers, a water treatment plant with a capacity of 90 liters per second, and a delivery tank of 800 cubic meters.

Physical progress: 99.9 percent
Investment 2023-2024: MXN 406.024 million
Beneficiaries: 19,045 inhabitants
Estimated completion date: February 2024

Alejandro Gascón Mercado Irrigation District in Nayarit

The Secretariat of National Defense (Sedena) is constructing this project covering an area of 43,105 hectares for the benefit of the municipalities of Ruiz, Tuxpan, Santiago Ixcuintla, and Rosamorada.

Physical progress: 82.95 percent
Financing: MXN 16,214 million
Beneficiaries: 7,643 producers
Estimated completion date: September 13, 2024

López Mateos-Xpujil Aqueduct in Campeche

Additionally, the Secretariat of National Defense rehabilitates, constructs, and modernizes this water project to address the current and future demand for water in the municipality of Calakmul. The aqueduct has a length of 96.7 kilometers and includes seven tanks and two new wells, with a flow capacity of 230 liters per second.

Physical progress: 100 percent
Total investment 2021-2023: MXN 1,703 million
Beneficiaries: 71,023 inhabitants
Estimated completion date: January 26, 2024

Texcoco Lake Ecological Park in the State of Mexico

The area was initially intended for the construction of the Mexico City airport. It is now a comprehensive development that includes the creation of 14,000 hectares of Protected Natural Area, the regulation of bodies of water, and the construction of sports and family recreation infrastructure.

Physical progress: 81.1 percent
Investment 2019-2024: MXN 5,240 million
Beneficiaries: 12.5 million inhabitants
Opening date: April 30, 2024

El Zapotillo Dam in Jalisco

Its goal is to operate without flooding the towns of Acasico, Temacapulín, and Palmarejo, ensuring water supply for the metropolitan area of Guadalajara with a flow of 3,000 liters per second. The runoff from the Verde River and El Salto Dam will also be utilized to achieve the supply target.

The components include the adaptation of the dam through the creation of windows, the El Zapotillo-El Salto aqueduct with the construction of a pumping plant of 2,000 liters per second, and the El Salto-La Red-Calderón aqueduct through the operation of two pumping plants.

Additionally, the federal government promotes a Justice Plan for the three mentioned communities, including drinking water systems, drainage works, wastewater treatment plants, biodigesters, and the construction of rural roads and public pools, among others.

Physical progress: 88.8 percent
Federal infrastructure investment: MXN 8,295.9 million
Justice Plan investment: MXN 78 million
Beneficiaries: 1.1 million inhabitants
Start date of operations: May 2024

El Cuchillo II Aqueduct in Nuevo León

This project was delivered on December 16, 2023, benefiting the metropolitan area of Monterrey, which faced an unprecedented decrease in rainfall in 2022-2023, reducing the storage of the La Boca and Cerro Prieto dams. The Executive instructed the construction of the El Cuchillo II aqueduct, completed in just one year, a record time.

From September to December 2023, three stages of operation were implemented for this aqueduct to address the water shortage caused by the decrease in surface water. On January 11, the fourth unit came into operation at the four pumping stations, contributing 4,718 liters per second.

The technical management of the National Defense Secretariat, the participation of ten local companies, the efforts of the society in Monterrey, and manufacturers of pumping equipment, pipes, and electromechanical systems made the construction of this project possible.

The total investment was MXN 14,064.47 million, with the federation contributing MXN 7,872.42 million and the state government contributing MXN 6,192.05 million, aiming to benefit 5.4 million inhabitants.

La Libertad Dam, Nuevo León:

The goal is to supply 1,600 liters per second of drinking water to the inhabitants of the metropolitan area of Monterrey. The project consists of a length of 1,947 meters and complementary works, the expansion of the capacity of the San Roque water treatment plant, the reinforcement of the Cerro Prieto-Monterrey aqueduct, and the relocation of power lines.

Physical progress: 75%
Total investment 2020-2024 between federation and state government: MXN 7,964.4 million
Beneficiaries: 500,000 inhabitants
Start of operations: August 2024

Healthy Water for La Laguna, in Coahuila and Durango:

President López Obrador inaugurated the first stage of this project on December 21, 2023, aiming to provide access to safe drinking water from the Lázaro Cárdenas and Francisco Zarco dams. The supply will reach up to 6,342 liters of water per second from the Nazas River, considering future generations.

The priority is to protect the health of the population in nine municipalities of Coahuila and Durango: Torreón, Viesca, Matamoros, San Pedro, Francisco I. Madero, Lerdo, Gómez Palacio, Mapimí, and Tlahualilo.

For decades, the water for human consumption in the Comarca Lagunera exceeded the arsenic concentration due to the extraction of wells that were increasingly deeper due to overexploitation of the aquifer.

The main components include gravity aqueducts, pressure aqueducts, pumping plant, derivative dam, the Durango trunk network, the Coahuila trunk network, and storage tanks. Currently, one module operates at 600 liters per second, and during the next week, an additional one will operate to contribute 1,200 liters per second.

Physical progress: 82%
Total investment 2021-2024: MXN 14,793 million
Beneficiaries: 1.6 million inhabitants
Estimated completion: March 2024

Benito Juárez Water Treatment Plant, Tabasco:

It will supply 500 liters to 64 localities in the municipality of Macuspana. The construction process included the acquisition of 2,088 meters of ductile iron pipe, the construction of 1,808 meters of drinking water pipeline, and specialized mechanical work.

Physical progress: 100%
Investment: MXN 661.50 million
Beneficiaries: 99,181 inhabitants
Start of operations: February 2024

Tula River Rectification, Expansion, and Lining, Hidalgo:

The Government of Mexico is working to reduce the risk of floods in Tula de Allende, Hidalgo. The National Water Commission is developing works to increase the capacity of the Tula River to 500,000 liters per second.

The plans include dredging the riverbed, concrete lining in the riverbed, supplying and placing concrete on walls and floor slabs, and modifying vehicular bridges.

Physical progress: 81.05%
Total investment 2022-2024: MXN 1,147.85 million
Beneficiaries: 29,390 inhabitants
Start of operations: May 2024

Protection Works in Paso Largo, in Veracruz:

In compliance with commitments made by the federal government, leading to the completion of the missing section of the Cardel-Poza Rica highway, halted for over two years due to the impact on the communities of the municipalities of Martínez de la Torre and Misantla, Veracruz, the flood protection project is being executed for the benefit of the communities of Paso Largo in Martínez de la Torre, as well as La Reforma, La Constancia, La Defensa, and Troncones in the municipality of Misantla.

Among the protective actions for the communities are the dredging of the Bobos and Chapachapa rivers and the construction of embankments on the Bobos River.

Physical progress: 74.3%
Total investment 2022-2024: MXN 778 million
Beneficiaries: 5,346 inhabitants in an agricultural area of 2,550 hectares
Start of operations: July 2024

 

Watch the Press Conference:

 


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