Ecuador-Colombia Electricity

Drought in Colombia Leads to Energy Export Reduction to Ecuador

Colombia’s disconnection of its electrical line with Ecuador has significantly heightened the risk of power outages in the latter, reports Primicias. This move not only halted the flow of electricity to Ecuador but also severed the main transmission link between the two countries.

Such a disruption poses considerable technical challenges for Ecuador, especially in maintaining voltage stability in its national grid, particularly in the event of any issues with its largest hydroelectric plant, Coca Codo Sinclair. As a result, Ecuador faces an increased risk of widespread blackouts amidst its ongoing electricity crisis.

The electricity exchange between Ecuador and Colombia typically occurs through two international interconnection lines spanning 272 kilometers. However, Colombia’s decision, made unilaterally on April 19, 2024, to open or disconnect the 230-kilovolt line with Ecuador, has left Ecuador grappling with its own energy resources during emergencies.

This situation underscores the pressing challenges both countries face in managing their energy needs, exacerbated by drought-induced constraints and the escalating costs of electricity imports. Despite ongoing technical discussions to restore the connection, Ecuador remains vulnerable to potential disruptions in its power supply.

President Gustavo Petro expressed regret on “X” regarding Ecuador’s return to electrical rationing. He clarified that his agreement with President Lasso was to provide electricity to Ecuador as long as it did not compromise Colombia’s own electricity requirements.



Colombia is experiencing a critical drought, one of the consequences of which is the reduction in the level of its reservoirs. This has led authorities in the neighboring country to take several measures, one of which was to reduce the export of energy to Ecuador, explained El Universo.

In an effort to address the challenges posed by the ongoing El Niño phenomenon, Colombia’s Minister of Mines and Energy, Andrés Camacho, recently provided an update on the country’s energy situation. The report highlighted 15 key actions aimed at bolstering technical measures to mitigate the effects of El Niño. These actions include rigorous surveillance and control measures, such as monitoring energy dispatch and conducting assessments of reservoirs, thermal power plants, and renewable energy parks across the nation.

Regulatory initiatives were also outlined, including the incorporation of more renewable energy sources and the implementation of measures to increase the country’s thermal energy generation capacity. Colombia signed several resolutions aimed at increasing energy supply during the El Niño phenomenon, with a focus on expanding the use of solar energy and establishing programs for active demand participation in the energy market. These measures are crucial for ensuring the reliability and stability of the country’s energy grid during this challenging period.

Efforts are underway to inject more renewable energy into the national energy system, with the commercial operation of solar parks and the development of additional solar projects. Meetings with key stakeholders, including industry associations and energy companies, have facilitated collaboration and resource mobilization to address energy shortages.

Additionally, initiatives to incentivize energy conservation among consumers have been proposed, aiming to encourage responsible energy usage and alleviate pressure on the grid.


Soledad Quartucci | CEO/Founder, Latina Republic

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