Peru Reserva Nacional Mar Tropical de Grau

Grau Tropical Sea National Reserve Boosts Economic Growth in Northern Peru

Grau Tropical Sea National Reserve to Contribute to Economic Revival in the Northern Region of the Country

The Grau Tropical Sea National Reserve (RNMTG), officially created by Peru’s government in April this year, will contribute to the economic revival of the northern region of the country, reports the Ministry of Environment of Peru.

On the morning of May 14, during a ceremony held at the fishing dock of El Ñuro in the Los Órganos district, province of Talara, Peru’s Minister of Environment Juan Carlos Castro publicly presented this new marine protected area (MPA) to the populations of Piura and Tumbes, under the responsibility of the National Service of Natural Protected Areas (Sernanp).



Grau Tropical Sea National Reserve Boosts Economic Growth in Northern Peru. Image Credit: MINAM, Peru.



In this context, he emphasized that the conservation of this ecosystem will benefit over 9,500 affiliated artisanal fishers by allowing sustainable use of natural resources through environmentally responsible activities such as fishing and tourism.

“Conserving biological diversity is crucial for our communities’ development. Protected natural areas are compatible with development,” he stressed.

He then highlighted the Peruvian government’s commitment to revitalizing the economy in a healthy and suitable environment for citizens.

“To achieve this, we are promoting numerous regulations and modifications to make Minam’s actions much more effective. The approval of the creation of this reserve is an example of this,” he stated.



Grau Tropical Sea National Reserve Boosts Economic Growth in Northern Peru. Image Credit: MINAM, Peru.



He specified that the reserve is initially allocated a budget for the first 2 years, which will be used to equip the Interpretation Center providing information to visitors and tourists, and to repair patrol boats. All this is part of an intersectoral effort involving all levels of government.

José Carlos Nieto, head of Sernanp, pointed out that the establishment of this MPA is the result of coordinated work with other sectors of the Executive Branch, the participation of organized civil society, and associations of artisanal fishermen from the four zones comprising this new reserve.



Grau Tropical Sea National Reserve Boosts Economic Growth in Northern Peru. Image Credit: MINAM, Peru.



He added that this national reserve will be an economic development hub for Piura and Tumbes, promoting environmentally responsible tourism potential with activities such as marine species observation (whales, dolphins, and sea turtles, among others).

The event also saw the participation of the regional governor of Tumbes, Segismundo Cruces; Congressman Edward Málaga; Marcelino Gonzales, president of the El Ñuro Fishermen’s Guild; municipal authorities from the provinces of Paita, Talara, Tumbes, and Contralmirante Villar; and from the districts of Canoas Punta Sal, Los Órganos, El Alto, and La Cruz, as well as representatives from the El Ñuro fishermen’s guild.



Grau Tropical Sea National Reserve Boosts Economic Growth in Northern Peru. Image Credit: MINAM, Peru.



Environmental and Economic Impact

The RNMTG is located between the coasts of Piura and Tumbes and encompasses four sectors: Isla Foca (insular ecosystem of the Guayaquil ecoregion), Cabo Blanco-El Ñuro (rocky reef ecosystem), Arrecifes de Punta Sal (warm-water rocky reef ecosystem), and Banco de Máncora (associated ecosystem with submarine mounts).

Due to its significant potential for marine species observation, it is estimated to generate annual revenues of S/ 18 00 000 in the aforementioned northern regions.

Its official establishment will preserve a representative sample of the ecosystems of the Tropical Sea of Peru and the tropical-temperate transition zone and an important food source for the country, as it harbors 24 of the 35 main fish species landed by the Peruvian artisanal fishing fleet, favoring food security.

It also contributes to the fulfillment of national and international commitments for the protection of marine areas outlined in Target 3 of the Global Biodiversity Framework.

The Reserva Nacional Mar Tropical de Grau (RNMTG) was officially created on April 24, 2024, through Supreme Decree No. 003-2024-MINAM. Its objective is to conserve a representative sample of the marine ecosystems of the Guayaquil ecoregion and the zone of convergence of marine currents in the Peruvian scope, covering an area of 115,675.89 hectares.

Traditional practices such as the use of artisanal fishing sailboats, recognized as cultural heritage of the nation, are carried out within its territory.


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